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About Grenada

Grenada’s unique ecosystem can NOT be lost. An island of rain forests, mountains and volcanos, Grenada's rich, volcanic soil and tropical, lush climate, have made it one of the worlds chief exporters of spices. With your help we can make it a world leader in cocoa.

map of Grenada location

Grenada is located in the South Eastern Caribbean, between Trinidad, St. Vincent, and Barbados, about 100 miles north of Venezuela on the South American Continent. The country consists of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands including the island of Carriacou. With a total area is 340 square kilometers (131 square miles), its coastline measures 121 kilometers (75 miles). Carriacou (pronounced Carr-ycoo) lies 37 kilometers (23 miles) northeast of Grenada and is 33.5 square kilometers (13 square miles) in area, while Petit Martinique lies 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) further north and is only 486 acres in area.

Background: When Columbus discovered the island in 1498, the island was inhabited by Carib Indians, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export.

In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October, 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time.

SUB DIVISIONS / PARISHES

Parish

Pop. 2001

Area(km.²)

Area(mi.²)

Capital

total 

100,895

345

133

 

Carriacou

6,063

34

13

Hillsborough

Saint Andrew

24,661

91

35

Grenville

Saint David

11,476

47

18

Saint David’s

Saint George

35,559

67

26

Saint George’s

Saint John

8,557

39

15

Gouyave

Saint Mark

3,955

23

9

Victoria

Saint Patrick

10,624

44

17

Sauteurs

 

 

 

 

 

 

central mountains and tropical rainforest.
Of volcanic origin, Grenada is dominated by a central ridge of mountains, covered with lush rainforests. The island is blessed with numerous bays and harbors, and some of the best beaches in the Caribbean.

Agriculture
As the leading exporter of nutmeg and mace, Grenada is known as “The Spice Isle”.
Agriculture employs around a quarter of the labor force. Grenadian products include nutmeg, mace, cloves, cinnamon, ginger, tumeric, vanilla, cocoa, sugarcane, oranges, limes, grapefruits, bananas, avocados, corn, root crops and other vegetables. Vegetables available are cassava, plantains, pumpkins, shallots, sweet potatoes and tomatoes; fruits include bananas, coconuts, mangoes, papayas and watermelons. A variety of locally grown spices are used in recipes for exotic ice creams made from tropical fruits such guava, soursop and nutmeg (the kernel of a soft fruit).

Fishing is a particularly important occupation on the smaller islands. Shellfish and fish are caught daily.

Popular dishes in Grenada include callaloo, a soup made from okra, spinach or dasheen leaves, and "oil down", a stew of breadfruit, coconut milk, fish or meat, vegetables and dumplings.

The most popular breakfast drink in Grenada is cocoa tea.

 

Tourism is Grenada's main source of foreign exchange. In 2004 Grenada's economy suffered a setback when Hurricane Ivan destroyed many of the country's buildings and crops.

 
  CFFI Grenada is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization.
Contributions to CFFI Grenada are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law.
CFFI Grenadas' tax identification number is 27-4467809.